Explorator 21.34 ~ December 16, 2018

Thanks to Arthur Shippee, Dave Sowdon, Edward Rockstein, Kurt Theis,
John McMahon, Barnea Selavan, Joseph Lauer, Mike Ruggeri, Hernan Astudillo,
Richard Campbell, Barbara Saylor Rodgers, Bob Heuman, David Critchley,
Richard Miller, Richard C. Griffiths, and Ross W. Sargent for headses upses
this week (as always hoping I have left no one out).

… please note that next week’s edition might be late (or postponed)
due to travel commitments.

================================================================
EARLY HOMINIDS
================================================================
Little Foot walked upright (didn’t we know that already?):

https://phys.org/news/2018-12-south-african-skeleton-humans-upright.html

Studying the diet of some early hominins:

https://phys.org/news/2018-12-tooth-enamel-analysis-early-hominin.html

A 50 000 years bp hematite ‘pencil’ from Denisova Cave:

https://siberiantimes.com/science/casestudy/news/ancient-coloured-pencil-up-to-50000-years-old-found-in-siberia/
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7239-181212-denisova-cave-pencil

Neanderthal DNA is apparently still affecting our skull/brain shape:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/13/science/neanderthals-humans-brains-skulls.html
https://www.livescience.com/64296-neanderthal-dna-human-skull-shape.html
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181213142153.htm
https://www.cnn.com/2018/12/13/health/neanderthal-skull-genes-scli-intl/index.html
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/neanderthal-genes-influence-contemporary-humans-skull-shape-brain-size-180971043/
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7246-181214-neanderthal-skull-shape

More on Little Foot being a new species:

https://phys.org/news/2018-12-foot-species-early-human.html
https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/12/identity-little-foot-fossil-stirs-controversy
https://www.livescience.com/64275-little-foot-hominin-excavated.html

More on that 50 000 years bp mammoth ivory ‘tirara’ from Denisova Cave:

https://www.livescience.com/64297-ancient-woolly-mammoth-tiara-denisova-cave.html
https://www.zmescience.com/science/anthropology/denisovan-tiara-ivory-10122018/

More on cave paintings of hands with missing fingers:

https://elpais.com/elpais/2018/12/07/ciencia/1544181593_631089.html
================================================================
AFRICA
================================================================
Debunking the ‘nearly naked’ image of the San people:

https://phys.org/news/2018-12-archaeologist-debunks-myth-naked-bushmen.html
================================================================
ANCIENT NEAR EAST AND EGYPT
================================================================
A 4400 years bp tomb of a high priest from Saqqara:

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/320140/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Exceptionally-wellpreserved-tomb-of-Fifth-Dynasty-.aspx
http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/4/61978/Well-preserved-Royal-priest-tomb-uncovered-in-Saqqara
https://egyptianstreets.com/2018/12/15/egypt-unveils-one-of-a-kind-ancient-tomb-in-saqqara/
https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/12/15/egypt-unearths-tomb-ancient-high-priest/
https://www.theguardian.com/world/video/2018/dec/16/egypt-4400-year-old-tomb-of-high-priest-discovered-video-report
https://www.timesofisrael.com/exceptionally-preserved-4400-year-old-tomb-uncovered-in-egypt/
https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/egypt/one-of-a-kind-4-400-year-old-tomb-discovered-in-egypt-1.6745894
https://www.livescience.com/64317-saqqara-tomb-hidden-shafts-discovered.html
https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-46580264
https://www.france24.com/en/20181215-egypt-unearths-tomb-ancient-high-priest
https://www.reuters.com/article/us-egypt-archaeology/egypt-unveils-one-of-a-kind-ancient-tomb-expects-more-finds-idUSKBN1OE0HD
https://www.news.com.au/technology/science/archaeology/egypt-shows-off-stunning-newly-discovered-4000yearold-tomb-in-saqqara/news-story/0c6851f69fd80300af83e6f60cac7794
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-12/16/c_137677088.htm
https://www.euronews.com/2018/12/15/egypt-discovers-untouched-tomb-in-the-ancient-necropolis-of-saqqara
https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/egypt-unveils-one-kind-ancient-tomb-expects-more-finds-n948371
https://www.latimes.com/world/la-fg-egypt-tomb-20181215-story.html
https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/egypt-saqqara-tomb/index.html
https://www.itv.com/news/2018-12-15/4-400-year-old-priests-tomb-uncovered-in-egypt/
https://www.dw.com/en/egypt-unearths-tomb-of-fifth-dynasty-priest-wahtye-in-saqqara/a-46758751
https://www.npr.org/2018/12/15/677068697/after-more-than-4-000-years-vibrant-egyptian-tomb-sees-the-light-of-day
https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/2018/12/relief-statues-discovered-priest-royal-purification-tomb-saqqara-pyramid-egypt/

An 18th dynasty tomb from Aswan:

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/320034/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Swedish-mission-discovers-th-Dynasty-tomb-in-Upper.aspx
http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/4/61882/Pics-Cemetery-dating-back-to-18th-Dynasty-unearthed
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-12/13/c_137671964.htm
https://www.archaeology.org/news/7242-181213-kom-ombo-tomb

Some conservation work at a pair of cemeteries in Saqqara:

https://dailynewsegypt.com/2018/12/12/two-cemeteries-renovated-in-saqqara/

… while restoration works in Madi village have commenced:

http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/4/61839/1st-stage-of-restoration-works-in-Madi-village-begins

Overview of finds made in in Egypt in 2018:

http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/15/61766/2018-The-Year-of-Archaeological-Discoveries

… in a similar spirit:

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/320040/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Archaeology-Magazine-lists-Saqqara-mummy-workshop-.aspx

They’re still ‘looking into’ the inappropriate behaviour at the pyramids making the rounds of social media:

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/319788/Egypt/Politics-/Prosecution-investigating-authenticity-of-video-of.aspx
https://ww.egyptindependent.com/minister-of-antiquities-asks-prosecution-to-verify-pornographic-pyramids-photo/
https://www.upi.com/Egypt-investigates-authenticity-of-nude-pyramid-video/5161544465121/

… apparently there are doubts it happened (!):

https://www.dw.com/en/egypt-casts-doubt-on-video-of-naked-danish-couple-on-pyramid/a-46669617

Meanwhile an Egyptian company will be managing the Pyramids and environs:

http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/61854/An-Egyptian-Company-to-manage-the-Pyramids-area-SCA
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/320096/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Egypts-antiquities-council-signs-contract-with-Ora.aspx

… and a committee has been formed to manage World Heritage sites in Egypt:

http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/1/61957/Sisi-forms-supreme-committee-to-manage-World-Heritage-Sites-in

Feature on female pharaohs and their power (really a book reviewish sort of thing):

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/2018/12/queens-egypt-pharaohs-nefertiti-cleopatra-book-talk/

That Egyptian mummification workshop made Archaeology Magazine’s top ten list:

https://dailynewsegypt.com/2018/12/16/archaeology-magazine-lists-egypts-unearthed-mummification-workshop-among-top-10-discoveries-in-2018/

Remains of a Roman-era pool from Tzipori with possible Talmudic connections:

https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Discovered-Roman-era-pool-could-be-the-krona-of-Tzipori-from-Talmud-574064
https://www.timesofisrael.com/at-zippori-pool-where-judah-hanasi-may-have-bathed-a-rare-tiny-pagan-bull-found/

Nicely timed for Hannukah, the IAA announced the find of a 1500 years bp lamp wick found decades ago in Shivta:

https://www.timesofisrael.com/tiny-1500-year-old-flax-lamp-wick-illuminates-ancient-jewish-law/
https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Small-oil-lamp-wick-from-1500-years-ago-found-in-ancient-desert-town-573962
http://www.jewishpress.com/news/israel/one-of-oldest-wicks-in-the-world-uncovered/2018/12/10/
https://www.theyeshivaworld.com/news/israel-news/1640320/photos-new-research-uncovers-a-rare-1500-year-old-wick-one-of-the-oldest-in-the-world.html
http://www.xinhuanet.com/english/2018-12/10/c_137664094.htm
https://mosaicmagazine.com/picks/2018/12/archaeologists-find-a-rare-flax-wick-from-ancient-israel/

Feature on Qumran:

http://www.asor.org/anetoday/2018/012/Qumran-Mediterranean-Context

6500 years bp finds from a Chalcolithic cave in the Negev have gone on display:

https://www.jpost.com/Israel-News/Pekiin-exhibit-to-display-treasure-from-historic-Chalcolithic-burial-cave-574090
http://www.jewishpress.com/news/media/archaeological-exhibition/2018/12/11/

cf: https://www.aftau.org/news-page-archaeology?=&storyid4677=2407&ncs4677=3&erid=7462278

A response (sort of) to Ark of the Covenant claims in the news last week:

https://www.haaretz.com/archaeology/.premium-israeli-excavation-reveals-new-findings-about-the-ark-of-the-covenant-1.6727179

The Mirabel Crusader fortress is reopening after decades of renovation:

https://aleteia.org/2018/12/13/israel-set-to-reopen-crusader-fortress-after-30-years-of-renovation/
https://www.timesofisrael.com/after-30-years-conservation-crusader-fortress-in-central-israel-opens-to-public/

Fature on the Mar Behnam monastery (Iraq):

https://fr.aleteia.org/2018/12/09/en-irak-la-renaissance-du-sanctuaire-partage-de-mar-behnam/

Vague item on finds being made at a dig at Umm Al Quwain:

http://gulftoday.ae/portal/8f5b407a-41e7-4f7f-85f3-e0bca8769f73.aspx

I think we mentioned this 4500 years bp border dispute:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/pillar-first-evidence-neighbors-behaving-badly-180970969/

More on Aren Maeir’s MOOC (which is now up and running):

https://www.timesofisrael.com/students-from-pakistan-uae-oman-join-israeli-online-biblical-archaeology-class/

More on that 4000 bp board game from Azerbaijan:

https://qz.com/1489876/one-of-the-worlds-oldest-board-games-was-played-in-azerbaijan-4000-years-ago/
https://www.livescience.com/64267-ancient-board-game-nomads-discovered.html
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-12-14/4000-year-old-board-game-bronze-age-hounds-and-jackals/10622674
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7235-181210-azerbaijan-game-pits

More (skepticism) on that Bronze Age vanilla find in Israel:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/was-vanilla-was-first-used-2500-years-earlier-and-half-world-where-we-thought-180970862/

More on that Neolithic stone mask:

https://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/daily-life-and-practice/neolithic-stone-mask/

Revisiting the social media coverage of ISIL’s destruction of Palmyra:

https://phys.org/news/2018-12-islamic-state-destruction-ancient-palmyra.html
http://theconversation.com/how-islamic-states-destruction-of-ancient-palmyra-played-out-on-arabic-language-twitter-new-study-107257

… While looting continues in Syria:

https://sana.sy/en/?p=153156

… and Syria accuses the US (and others) of taking part in it:

http://www.china.org.cn/world/Off_the_Wire/2018-12/10/content_74256503.htm
================================================================
ANCIENT GREECE AND ROME (AND CLASSICS)
================================================================
Among the articles on finds by metal detectorists in the UK this year, the ‘big one’ appears to be the find of a 2000 years bp figure of Minerva a decade ago and stored in a margarine tub:

https://www.theguardian.com/science/2018/dec/11/forgotten-statue-kept-in-a-margarine-tub-is-2000-year-old-treasure
https://www.independent.ie/entertainment/roman-minerva-statue-in-margarine-tub-among-discovered-treasures-37615434.html
https://edition.cnn.com/style/article/roman-statue-margarine-tub-gbr-scli-intl/index.html
https://www.oxfordmail.co.uk/news/17300411.roman-goddess-statue-found-in-field-then-rescued-from-margarine-tub/
https://www.ft.com/content/65038e64-fd49-11e8-aebf-99e208d3e521
https://www.dailysabah.com/history/2018/12/12/roman-statue-found-in-margarine-tub-on-english-farm
https://www.theweek.co.uk/98457/statue-from-ancient-rome-discovered-in-margarine-tub
https://pickle.nine.com.au/2018/12/13/11/09/ancient-roman-statue-found-in-margarine-tub
https://qz.com/1492171/a-metal-detector-in-the-uk-found-a-2000-year-old-roman-statuette/
https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/goddess-margarine-tub-just-one-treasure-found-british-public-180971026/

A nice Roman lamp found by a mudlarker by the Thames:

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/london/i-almost-threw-roman-treasure-back-into-the-thames-says-mudlark-a4014166.html

What they’ve learned from the Mazotos shipwreck (2400 years bp) excavation so far:

https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/12/13/world/2400-year-old-cyprus-shipwreck-reveals-ancient-boat-building-methods/#.XBZlphNKhfI
https://www.outlookindia.com/newsscroll/cyprus-shipwreck-reveals-ancient-boatbuilding-methods/1438928

Pondering the symbolism of the Parthenon:

https://theconversation.com/blowing-up-the-parthenon-the-power-of-a-symbol-100826

Analyzing some recent finds at Pompeii (paywalled … sorry):

https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/pompeii-art-offers-insight-into-romans-links-to-egypt-krcsbmp68

That clay tablet with some Homeric verses on it from Olympia and that Black Sea shipwreck made Archaeology Magazine’s ‘top ten finds’ list for 2018:

https://greece.greekreporter.com/2018/12/12/clay-tablet-with-homers-verses-and-ancient-shipwreck-among-top-10-discoveries-of-2018/
http://www.ekathimerini.com/235598/article/ekathimerini/news/clay-plaque-found-at-olympia-among-top-10-discoveries-of-2018
https://greekcitytimes.com/2018/12/12/ancient-greek-tablet-with-homeric-verses-listed-in-top-10-discoveries-of-2018/
https://www.tornosnews.gr/en/greek-news/culture/33730-clay-tablet-with-homer%E2%80%99s-verses-among-top-10-discoveries-of-2018.html

On Aquaman’s Classical connections:

http://theconversation.com/how-cinemas-new-aquaman-draws-on-the-mythology-of-ancient-sea-gods-105856

The Owl’s Legacy looks interesting:

https://www.economist.com/prospero/2018/12/13/the-owls-legacy-delectations-from-an-ancient-greek-palate

Feature on Ptolemaic coinage:

https://coinweek.com/ancient-coins/coinweek-ancient-coin-series-the-ptolemies-part-iii/

Using wargames for teaching the Conquest of Gaul:

https://www.bowdoin.edu/news/2018/12/taking-on-the-romans-history-through-wargaming.html

Honours for David Wardle:

https://www.news.uct.ac.za/article/-2018-12-13-uct-book-award-for-classics-scholar

What David Quint is up to:

https://news.yale.edu/2018/12/07/yale-renaissance-scholar-takes-ancient-literary-works-21st-century

Reviews and interviews of/with Emily Wilson’s *Odyssey* translation:

https://www.pastemagazine.com/articles/2018/12/emily-wilson-the-odyssey-best-book-of-2018.html
http://www.witf.org/book-club/2018/12/january-pick-of-the-month-homers-the-odyssey-translated-by-emily-wilson.php
http://www.the-college-reporter.com/2018/12/09/emily-wilson-talks-on-her-new-translation-of-the-odyssey-at-common-hour/

… and some coverage of the marathon reading in Melbourne:

https://neoskosmos.com/en/125251/homer-and-the-classics-come-to-melbourne/

Review of A.M Juster, *The Elegies of Maximianus*:

https://www.weeklystandard.com/john-talbot/a-m-justers-translation-of-maximianus-the-last-roman-poet

Review of Donna Zuckerberg, *Not All Dead White Men*:

https://eandt.theiet.org/content/articles/2018/12/book-review-not-all-dead-white-men-by-donna-zuckerberg/

More on that Apollo of Gaza movie:

https://www.haaretz.com/middle-east-news/palestinians/.premium-the-mysterious-fate-of-an-ancient-apollo-statue-pulled-from-gaza-s-sea-1.6743117
—–
Latest reviews from BMCR:

http://bmcr.brynmawr.edu/recent.html

Visit our blog:

http://rogueclassicism.com/
================================================================
EUROPE AND THE UK (+ Ireland)
================================================================
8300 years bp snake head sculptures from the Ukraine:

https://www.livescience.com/64284-stone-age-snake-sculptures.html
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7241-181212-mesolithic-snake-heads

Cattle may have been used to pull heavy loads as early as 6000 BCE, according to finds from the Balkans:

https://uk.news.yahoo.com/stonehenge-built-cow-power-study-180000511.html?guccounter=1
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7238-181212-neolithic-cattle-traction

A very interesting Bronze Age gold bulla from Shropshire (metal detectorist):

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-shropshire-46522106
https://www.shropshirelive.com/news/2018/12/11/bronze-age-gold-bulla-discovered-in-shropshire/

Treasure status for an Anglo Saxon sword handle (pieces) and some 16th century vervels from Norfolk:

https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-norfolk-46530629

… and a medieval brooch from Shropshire:

https://www.shropshirestar.com/news/local-hubs/south-shropshire/2018/12/12/medieval-brooch-found-in-shropshire-hills-is-declared-treasure/

A 600 years bp gold ring from the Isle of Man (metal detectorist):

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-isle-of-man-46573324

Plenty of interesting finds from a 2000 years bp ‘Germanic’ cemetery in Poland:

http://scienceinpoland.pap.pl/en/news/news%2C32053%2Clubuskie-archaeologists-discovered-nearly-2000-years-old-germanic-cemetery.html
https://www.archaeology.org/news/7236-181211

A major medieval arsenal find in Spain (over the years?):

https://elpais.com/cultura/2018/12/04/actualidad/1543935930_944804.html

Feature on Mary, Queen of Scots:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2018/12/15/mary-queen-scots-real-life-queen-elizabeths-rival-prisoner/

Interesting study of Viking cats:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/12/viking-cat-skeletons-reveal-surprising-growth-size-felines-over-time

Concerns for coastal Orkney sites:

https://www.bbc.com/reel/video/p06t4zfk/how-orkney-s-history-is-slowly-eroding-into-the-sea

Plans to reconstruct the spire of the Saint-Denis basilica:

https://fr.aleteia.org/2018/12/13/basilique-saint-denis-decouvrez-en-video-le-chantier-du-remontage-de-la-fleche/

A record year for ‘treasure’ finds apparently (I wish they’d stop using that word):

http://www.londonlive.co.uk/news/2018-12-11/a-record-year-for-finding-treasures
https://www.antiquestradegazette.com/news/2018/metal-detecting-trend-boosts-treasure-discoveries-as-numbers-hit-a-record-for-second-year-running/
—–
Archaeology in Europe Blog:

http://archaeology-in-europe.blogspot.com/

================================================================
ASIA AND THE SOUTH PACIFIC
================================================================
A possible 7th century Buddhist temple site in Shiga (with Nara links?):

http://www.asahi.com/ajw/articles/AJ201812130010.html
https://www.archaeology.org/news/7244-181213-japan-roof-tiles

Excavations have started at Talakad:

https://starofmysore.com/excavation-begins-at-talakad-ancient-site/

“Prehistoric culture features” from a military base construction site on Guam:

https://www.postguam.com/news/local/prehistoric-cultural-features-at-military-construction-site/article_6b35f9c6-fc58-11e8-ac05-0b2ae1f8e7c1.html
https://www.saipantribune.com/index.php/prehistoric-cultural-features-found-at-guam-site/

Studying diet in Sri Lanka in various periods:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/12/ancient-grape-seeds-may-link-sri-lankan-trading-port-roman-world
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7240-181212-sri-lanka-mantai

Skeletal remains of Aboriginal children suggest poor health post-European contact:

http://theconversation.com/poor-health-in-aboriginal-children-after-european-colonisation-revealed-in-their-skeletal-remains-106616

Pondering Aboriginal World Heritage sites:

https://theconversation.com/australias-problem-with-aboriginal-world-heritage-82912

Interesting story behind some Aboriginal songs:

https://theconversation.com/recovered-aboriginal-songs-offer-clues-to-19th-century-mystery-of-the-shipwrecked-white-woman-108070

A 19th century shipwreck has been extracted intact from a New Zealand beach:

https://www.nzherald.co.nz/nz/news/article.cfm?c_id=1&objectid=12177142
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7248-181214-new-zealand-shipwreck

—–

Southeast Asian Archaeology Newsblog:

http://www.southeastasianarchaeology.com/

New Zealand Archaeology eNews:

https://us14.campaign-archive.com/home/?u=ddab09cab5362c9613318bd92&id=b917a20ae5
================================================================
NORTH AMERICA
================================================================
Evidence of a 1000 years bp plant virus in Puebloan corn:

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181213112111.htm

The remains of the Bonhomme Richard have apparently been found:

https://www.usatoday.com/videos/news/world/2018/12/11/-remains-famous-american-warship-have-been-found/38717569/

Plans to preserve the site of the Battle of Cooch’s Bridge (Delaware):

https://whyy.org/articles/site-of-delawares-only-revolutionary-war-battle-to-be-preserved/
http://www.doverpost.com/news/20181210/state-buying-coochs-bridge-revolutionary-battle-site
https://www.delawarepublic.org/post/delaware-preserve-revoluntionary-war-battle-site

Feature on the Majorville Medicine Wheel:

https://leaderpost.com/uncategorized/penner-canadas-stonehenge-older-than-many-great-spirit-sites-of-the-world/wcm/d9e87657-afaf-42fc-b53a-6b424ed3396d

Someone wrote a book on Albany street names:

https://www.timesunion.com/local/article/Grondahl-New-book-details-history-of-Albany-s-13457441.php
================================================================
CENTRAL AND SOUTH AMERICA
================================================================
1700 years bp Moche and Lambayeque burials ‘with feet removed’ from El Chorro:

https://www.thesun.co.uk/news/7952665/chilling-2000-year-old-cemetery-where-the-dead-had-their-feet-chopped-off-to-turn-them-into-necklaces-is-discovered-in-peru/
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6483025/Sixteen-1-700-year-old-skeletons-discovered-Peru-feet-MISSING.html
https://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/the-downright-bizarre-reason-these-peruvian-skeletons-are-missing-their-feet/

Chavin culture ceramacists apparently used chameleon urine as a paint binder:

https://www.nationalgeographic.com/culture/2018/12/ancient-paracas-pots-reptile-urine-chavin-connections/
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-6487473/Painting-urine-Ancient-Peruvian-culture-used-chameleon-waste-create-white-paint.html

Feature on the underground tombs and monoliths in Tierradentro (Colombia):

http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20181209-south-americas-other-easter-island

Searching soils samples for evidence of alpaca domestication in Peru:

https://www.livescience.com/64273-poop-reveals-alpaca-domestication.html
https://www.archaeology.org/news/7237-181211-peru-alpaca-domestication

Petroglyphs in the Andes may be connected to llama caravans:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/thousand-year-old-rock-art-likely-served-gathering-point-llama-caravans-crossing-andes-180970982/

Learning from 3d printed reconstructions of Tiwanaku:

https://phys.org/news/2018-12-d-printed-reconstructions-clues-ancient-site.html
https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-12/bc-3rp121018.php
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2018/12/181212200743.htm
—–
Mike Ruggeri’s Ancient Americas Breaking News:

http://goo.gl/1VdeA

Ancient MesoAmerica News:

http://ancient-mesoamerica-news-updates.blogspot.com/
================================================================
OTHER ITEMS OF INTEREST
================================================================
Apparently the marker for the ‘Anthropocene’ will be the chicken:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-12/uol-ctb121218.php
https://www.livescience.com/64280-chickens-taking-over-world.html
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/2018/12/11/anthropocene-chickens-golden-spike/
https://www.archaeology.org/news/7243-181213-anthropocene-chicken-bones

Feature on the ‘Slave Bible’:

https://www.npr.org/2018/12/09/674995075/slave-bible-from-the-1800s-omitted-key-passages-that-could-incite-rebellion

Feature on assorted ancient board/dice games:

https://www.livescience.com/64266-ancient-board-games.html

Reviving Victorian stereoscopic photos:

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20181213-rock-star-brian-may-revives-victorian-virtual-reality

Barry Cunliffe on the origins of trade:

https://www.einnews.com/pr_news/470728622/archeologist-sir-barry-cunliffe-on-the-origins-of-trade

On some medieval occupations that don’t exist any more:

http://www.medievalists.net/2018/12/10-medieval-jobs-that-no-longer-exist/

On the changing portrayal of Santa Claus:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/articles/3RkR6RdkzQy4Xgyhh7Dkxdz/merry-makeovers-santa-claus-changing-style-through-the-years

Studying painting-eating microbes:

https://arstechnica.com/science/2018/12/whats-eating-this-400-year-old-painting-a-whole-ecosystem-of-microbes/

Feature on trepanation:

http://www.bbc.com/earth/story/20160826-why-our-ancestors-drilled-holes-in-each-others-skulls

On ‘climacteric’ fruits (and other things):

https://www.csmonitor.com/The-Culture/In-a-Word/2018/1213/A-Renaissance-fruit-has-its-climacteric-moment
================================================================
MUSEUM MATTERS
================================================================
Ancient Currencies:

http://www.egypttoday.com/Article/4/61655/Egyptian-Museum-in-Tahrir-to-display-ancient-currencies
https://dailynewsegypt.com/2018/12/11/egyptian-museum-to-showcase-rare-coins-collection/

Ashurbanipal:

https://middle-east-online.com/en/british-museum-brings-ancient-assyrian-empire-life
https://thearabweekly.com/british-museum-brings-ancient-assyrian-empire-life

Hoxne Hoard:

https://www.dissmercury.co.uk/news/hoxne-hoard-treasures-on-display-in-australia-1-5818407

Ancient Teheran:

https://www.tehrantimes.com/news/430688/Exhibit-displaying-Tehran-archaeological-discoveries

George Washington:

https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2018/12/13/earliest-known-painting-george-washington-comes-home-mount-vernon/

A controversial (it appears) Leonardo exhibition:

https://elpais.com/cultura/2018/12/11/actualidad/1544514101_533609.html

The Grand Egyptian Museum will be open by 2020, apparently:

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/1/64/319782/Egypt/Politics-/Grand-Egyptian-Museum-to-open-by-,-says-antiquitie.aspx

Feature on the UCL Pathology Museum:

https://www.bbc.com/reel/video/p06pngfl/the-medical-museum-of-the-dead

Again we hear of plans for an underwater museum in Lake Titicaca:

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-latin-america-46374651

The mammoth of Tultepec has a museum:

https://elpais.com/internacional/2018/12/06/la_serpiente_emplumada/1544123399_859509.html

How the Forbidden City became the Palace Museum:

https://beta.scmp.com/infographics/china/society/article/2177470/how-forbidden-city-became-palace-museum-after-chinas-qing

Followup to the Brazil Museum fire:

https://www.cnet.com/news/google-brings-fossils-and-artifacts-back-to-life-after-fire-destroys-brazilian-museum/#ftag=CAD590a51e

More on Senegal’s Museum of Black Civilizations:

https://www.smithsonianmag.com/smart-news/sprawling-museum-black-civilizations-opens-senegal-180970976/

================================================================
THE TECHY SIDE
================================================================
A study of a pair of Chinese stalagmites might help improve C14 dating:

https://phys.org/news/2018-12-stalagmites-chinese-cave-accuracy-carbon-.html

Machine translation hopes for cuneiform documents:

http://www.bbc.com/future/story/20181207-how-ai-could-help-us-with-ancient-languages-like-sumerian

================================================================
ON THE DNA FRONT
================================================================
9500 years bp human DNA extracted from some ancient ‘chewing gum’:

https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2018/12/8000-year-old-gum-holds-surprises-about-ancient-toolmakers
https://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/why-study-ancient-gum
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7233-181210-hunter-gatherer-resin

Tracking the genetics of lighter skin pigmentation:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-12/uoc–rge121018.php

… and red hair:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-scotland-edinburgh-east-fife-46522679

Studying population changes in Neolithic Norway:

http://sciencenordic.com/first-stone-age-farmers-norway-gave-after-short-period-time
https://www.archaeology.org/news/7245-181214-norway-late-neolithic

Rethinking corn domestication via genetic (and archaeological) evidence:

https://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2018-12/s-soc120618.php
http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/d-brief/?p=30097

Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog:

http://dienekes.blogspot.ca/
================================================================
TOURISTY THINGS
================================================================
Egypt:

https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/ancient-egypt-things-to-see/index.html

Salzburg and Silent Night:

https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/silent-night-salzburg/index.html

Corvey:

https://www.dw.com/en/corvey-monastery-castle-world-heritage/g-17726659

German Castles:

https://www.cnn.com/travel/article/germany-best-castles/index.html

Oweynagat cave:

http://www.bbc.com/travel/story/20181213-in-ireland-a-taste-of-the-underworld

Petra:

https://www.tornosnews.gr/en/greek-news/culture/33718-the-impressive-greek-inspired-architecture-of-the-ancient-city-of-petra-in-jordan.html

Brighton:

https://www.the-tls.co.uk/articles/public/brighton-shock/

================================================================
CRIME BEAT
================================================================
A possible ‘major theft’ from the Egyptian Museum:

https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20181210-antiquities-minister-reveals-major-theft-at-egyptian-museum/

Arrests/charges in theft from a shipwreck site in Michigan:

https://nbc25news.com/news/local/shipwreck-artifacts-returned-after-being-stolen-by-divers

An attempted theft of a brick from the Colosseum (again):

https://www.thelocal.it/20181211/tourist-caught-trying-to-steal-a-brick-from-romes-colosseum
https://www.wantedinrome.com/news/tourist-removed-brick-from-colosseum-as-souvenir.html
https://www.tornosnews.gr/en/world-news/33733-tourist-from-india-tries-to-steal-brick-from-rome%E2%80%99s-colosseum-and-escapes.html

conflict antiquities:

http://conflictantiquities.wordpress.com/

anonymous swiss collector:

http://www.anonymousswisscollector.com/

Portable Antiquity Collecting and Heritage Issues:

http://paul-barford.blogspot.ca/

Looting Matters:

http://lootingmatters.blogspot.com/

Illicit Cultural Property:

http://illicit-cultural-property.blogspot.com/

SAFE:

http://www.savingantiquities.org/blog/

================================================================
REPATRIATION AND RECOVERY
================================================================
The US returned some bells looted from the Philippines some 117 years ago:

https://www.bbc.com/news/av/world-46581573/us-returns-looted-bells-to-philippines-after-117-years

The UPenn library will be returning a couple of 9th century documents to Italy:

http://www.philly.com/arts/penn-schoenberg-theft-middle-ages-20181210.html

… while Princeton claims some manuscripts it has were not looted:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/14/arts/design/princeton-eastern-orthodox-church.html

A bronze from the Summer Palace was returned to China from the UK:

https://www.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2177647/ancient-bronze-vessel-looted-old-summer-palace-1860-returned
https://beta.scmp.com/news/china/society/article/2177647/ancient-bronze-vessel-looted-old-summer-palace-1860-returned
https://www.antiquestradegazette.com/news/2018/rare-summer-palace-bronze-found-in-british-seaside-bungalow-returns-to-china/
http://www.globaltimes.cn/content/1131519.shtml

Easter Island’s mayor seems to have a differing opinion on the return of the Moai:

https://uk.reuters.com/article/uk-chile-heritage-statue/easter-island-mayor-concedes-moai-statue-might-be-better-left-in-british-museum-idUKKBN1O92IG
https://www.thetimes.co.uk/edition/news/easter-island-doesn-t-want-its-statue-back-8hvwslqfp
https://www.fijitimes.com/easter-island-mayor-concedes-moai-statue-might-be-better-left-in-british-museum/

OpEds on the Getty Bronze situation:

https://www.nytimes.com/2018/12/10/opinion/justice-department-italy-bronze-antiquities.html?action=click&module=Opinion&pgtype=Homepage
http://blogs.getty.edu/iris/talking-about-the-getty-bronze/

… and ‘colonial plunder’:

https://www.middleeasteye.net/columns/museums-should-be-accountable-promoting-colonial-legacy-1667924530
https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2018/dec/15/yes-im-a-trustee-of-english-heritage-and-i-want-the-benin-bronzes-returned

More on the return of the ‘Gypsy Girl’:

https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-46495176
http://www.archaeology.org/news/7234-181210-turkey-zeugma-mosaics
================================================================
NUMISMATICA
================================================================
Assorted coins finds from Stare Czarnow (Poland) over the past few years:

https://www.numismaticnews.net/article/poland-discovery-1000-years-old

Seven coins from various periods found by a mill owner in Slovakia:

https://spectator.sme.sk/c/22002815/historical-coins-discovered-in-sobotiste.html

On the coins associated with the Pope Joan claim:

https://www.numismaticnews.net/article/pope-joan-tale-depends-on-coins

Latest e-Sylum:

http://www.coinbooks.org/v21/club_nbs_esylum_v21n49.html

… and the one which should appear later today:

http://www.coinbooks.org/v21/club_nbs_esylum_v21n50.html

————————
Ancient Coin Collecting:

http://ancientcoincollecting.blogspot.com/

Ancient Coins:

http://classicalcoins.blogspot.com/

Coin Week:

http://www.coinweek.com/

================================================================
AUDIO/VIDEO NEWS
================================================================
Audio News from Archaeologica:

https://www.archaeologychannel.org/audio-guide/audio-news/2794-audio-news-from-archaeologica-2-december-8-december-2018
================================================================
CONFERENCES
================================================================
Jews and the Americas (February 2019):

https://networks.h-net.org/node/73374/announcements/1932330/jews-and-americas-68th-annual-conference-center-latin-american

================================================================
GENERAL ARCHAEOLOGY NEWS BLOGS
================================================================
Archaeology Magazine News Page:

http://www.archaeology.org/news/

About.com Archaeology:

http://archaeology.about.com/

Ancient Digger:

http://www.ancientdigger.com/

Archaeology Briefs:

http://archaeologybriefs.blogspot.com/

Past Horizons:

http://www.pasthorizons.com/

Stonepages:

http://www.stonepages.com/news/

Taygete Atlantis excavations blogs aggregator:

http://planet.atlantides.org/taygete/

Time Machine:

http://heatherpringle.wordpress.com/
================================================================
PODCASTS/VODCASTS
================================================================
Archaeosoup:

http://www.youtube.com/user/Archaeos0up?feature=watch

Archaeology Podcast Network:

http://www.archaeologypodcastnetwork.com/

The Book and the Spade:

http://www.radioscribe.com/bknspade.htm
================================================================
EXPLORATOR is a free weekly newsletter bringing you the latest
news of archaeological finds, historical research and the like.
Various on-line news and magazine sources are scoured for news of
the ‘ancient world’ (broadly construed: practically anything relating
to archaeology or history up to a century or so ago is fair
game) and every Sunday they are delivered to your mailbox free of
charge!
================================================================
Useful Addresses
================================================================
Past issues of Explorator are available on the web via our
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To subscribe to Explorator, send a blank email message to:

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================================================================
Explorator is Copyright (c) 2018 David Meadows. Feel free to
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